Covent Garden is a district of London, England, located in the most easterly parts of the city of Westminster, and in the south-west corner of London’s borough of Camden.

The area is dominated by shopping, shopping and entertainment venues, as well as street performances. The Royal Opera House, famous concert hall known as “Covent Garden”, is located in the district as well as the Seven Dials area.

The district is bordered by High Holborn, to the north, Kingsway to the east, Strand to the south, and Charing Cross Road to the west. The Covent Garden Piazza is located in the geographical center of this area, where there was a famous market of flowers, fruits and vegetables, which existed from the 16th century until 1974, when wholesale sales were held in New Covent Garden Market (New Covent Garden Market “) in Nine Elms.

Some regions of London near Covent Garden are Soho, St James’s, Bloomsbury and Holborn.

The Strand road, on the southern edge of what was to become the Covent Garden, was used during the Roman period as part of a route to Silchester, known as “Iter VIII” in Antonino’s Itinerary, and later became known by the name of Akeman Street. Excavations at the Church of St Martin-in-the-Fields in 2006 revealed the presence of a Roman tomb at the site, indicating that it may have had religious significance at the time. For a long time, it was believed that the area north of Strand would have remained uninhabited until the sixteenth century; however, Alan Vince and Martin Biddle’s theories that there had been an Anglo-Saxon settlement west of the ancient Roman city of Londinium were confirmed by excavations in 1985 and 2005. This finding also revealed that Covent Garden was the center of a commercial town called Lundenwic, which would have developed around the year 600, and extended from Trafalgar Square to Aldwych. Alfredo the Great would have gradually transferred the village to the city of Londrina from 886 onwards, leaving no trace of the old locality, whose land was once again used as a field.

Around 1200, the first mention was made of an abbey garden in a document that referred to a “walled garden owned by the Benedictine monks of St. Peter’s Abbey, Westminster.” A later document, dating from the period between 1250 and 1283, refers to the “Abbot’s Garden and the Westminster Convent”. By the thirteenth century, this area was transformed into a 40-acre quadrangle consisting of orchards, meadows, pastures and farmland, located between present-day St Martin’s Lane and Drury Lane and Floral Street and Maiden Lane. The use of the name “Covent”, an Anglo-French term to designate a religious community, equivalent to “monastery” or “convent”, appears in a document of 1515, when the Abbey, which had been sub- the construction of inns and orchards, leased the walled garden by referring to it as “a garden called Covent Garden” – a denomination that came to be used officially thereafter.

Covent Garden is located between High Holborn streets to the north, Drury Lane to the east, Strand to the south, and St. Martin’s Lane to the west. Its main road route is Long Acre, northeast of St. Martin’s Lane towards Drury Lane.

In the area south of Long Acre is the Royal Opera House, the local market and the central square as well as most of the luxurious buildings, theaters and entertainment venues in the area, including the Theater Royal and the London Transport Museum. While North of Long Acre is dedicated to small retailers centered between Neal Street, Neal’s Yard and Seven Dials, though this area also houses residential buildings such as the Odhams Walk, built in 1981, where former book publisher Odhams operated, and which currently houses more than 6,000 residents.

Shelton Street, parallel to Long Acre in the north, marks the border between the boroughs of Westminster and Camden.

The economy of the region depends mainly on trade and entertainment. In 1979, the Covent Garden Market was reopened as a shopping center. Currently, one of the most famous and popular places there is the Apple Market, a small subsection of the main market. The central corridor of the Apple Market is comprised of cafes, bars and shops, which mainly sell antiques, jewelry, clothing and souvenirs; there are still some casual shops at the Jubilee Hall Market on the south side of the square. Long Acre also boasts a variety of clothing stores and boutiques, and Neal Street is known for its large number of shoe stores. The London Transport Museum and the side entrance to the Royal Opera box office, as well as other establishments, are also located in the square. During the 1970s and 1980s, the Rock Garden event house was quite popular artists from the Punk and New Wave movements.

The Covent Garden region has traditionally been associated with both commerce and entertainment, which continues to this day. In the Covent Garden are located, for example, 13 theaters and more than 60 pubs and bars, most in the south part of Long Acre, around the main commercial area of ​​the old market. The area known as Seven Dials, north of Covent Garden, housed the punk rock club The Roxy in 1977, and continues to this day to spark the interest of young audiences thanks to the existence of cool, trend-setting clothing stores.

Street Performances
The first mention of an artistic performance in Britain was recorded by the chronicler Samuel Pepys, who saw a performance in Covent Garden Square in May 1662. In the eighteenth century, musical improvisations were performed in the locality by William Cussans. Currently Covent Garden is the only London region allowed to have street animations and artists perform at predetermined times in various establishments around the market including North Hall, West Piazza and South Hall Courtyard. The central courtyard is dedicated exclusively to classical music performances. In the Covent Garden market there are street performances every day of the year, except at Christmas. The performances take place throughout the day and last approximately 30 minutes. In March 2008, the market manager, CapCo, proposed to reduce these presentations to a 30-minute hourly show.

Pubs and bars
The Covent Garden area has over 60 pubs and bars, several of which are housed in government-listed buildings because of their historical relevance. Some, like The Harp in Chandos Place, have even been recognized for the quality of their services; among The Harp’s awards are the 2008 London Pub of the Year and the 2011 National Pub of the Year. The Lamb & Flag on Rose Street has a reputation as the oldest pub Of region. Although the information is not very clear, the first records of an on-site pub are from 1772, when it was called “Cooper’s Arms”; the name would change to “Lamb & Flag” in 1833. This pub became famous for boxing gloves without gloves during the nineteenth century when it acquired the nickname “Bucket of Blood.” The alley next to the bar was the scene of an attack on John Dryden in 1679 by henchmen hired by John Wilmot, the 2nd Earl of Rochester, with whom he had an old rivalry.

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