The Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris (in French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris) is one of the oldest Gothic cathedrals in France. Initiated in the year 1163, it is dedicated to Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ (hence the name Notre-Dame – Our Lady), located on Paris square, on the small island Île de la Cité in Paris, France, surrounded by waters of the River Seine.
The cathedral is intimately linked to the idea of Gothic in its splendor, to the clear effect of the needs and aspirations of high society, to a new approach to the cathedral as a contact building and spiritual ascent.
Gothic architecture replaced the thick walls of the Romanesque churches with tall columns and arches capable of supporting the weight of the roofs. As a result, the Gothic buildings gained a lighter appearance, and the larger and taller windows were decorated with beautiful colored stained glass windows that filtered the natural light, and thereby created a “climate” of mysticism within.