The Palais Royal (translated from French, “Royal Palace”) is a palace and garden located in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. Opposite the north wing of the Louvre, its famous court (cour d’honneur) delimited by columns (since 1986, containing works of art by Daniel Buren) is located opposite the Place du Palais-Royal (“Royal Palace Square” ), which was greatly enlarged by Baron Haussmann, after the opening of Rue de Rivoli by Napoleon.
Although it has never been a royal palace, despite its misleading name, the Palais Royal was built by the architect Jacques Lemercier, under Richelieu, from 1624. Its location corresponds in part to that of the old Hôtel de Rambouillet, where the Marquise de Rambouillet maintained a bright salon attended assiduously by Richelieu. At that time it was called Palais Cardinal (“Cardinal Palace”). Richelieu left him for the French Crown.
From 1643, after the death of Louis XIII, it housed Queen Anne Mother of Austria, Cardinal Mazarin and the young Louis XIV. At this time it happened to be called Palais Royal, name that would maintain.