The Pantheon of Paris (in French: Panthéon of Paris) is a monument in neoclassical style located in the mount of Santa Genoveva, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, in the middle of the Latin Quarter. Around it are a few important buildings, such as the church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, the Library of Saint Genevieve, the University Paris-Sorbonne, the city hall of the 5th arrondissement and the Lyceum Henri IV. From the street Soufflot one obtains a favorable perspective of the Pantheon, from the Garden of Luxembourg.
It is 110 meters long and 84 meters wide. The main façade is decorated with a portico of Corinthian-style columns supporting a triangular pediment by David d’Angers. The building, shaped like a Greek cross, is crowned by an 83-meter-high dome, with a lantern at the top. Its interior is decorated by academic paintings by Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Gros and Cabanel, among others.
The Pantheon is undoubtedly monumental. Initiated in 1764, the building was commissioned by the monarch Louis XV, who, after recovering from a serious illness, ordered the architect Soufflot to build a basilica in tribute to Saint Genevieve (patroness of Paris), replacing ancient abbey there. Completed in 1790, under the management of Rondelet, the building was laicized by the bourgeois revolutionary movements, transforming it into national pantheon. Today, in the crypt, 70 celebrated figures of French history rest – such as writers, scientists, generals and politicians -, which is why the pediment contains, inscribed, the interesting brocardo “Aux grands hommes, la patrie reconnaissante” , the country is grateful “), next to the interesting bas-relief, of David d’Angers, allusive to the homage of the French homeland to its imposing heroes.