The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (German: Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas), also known as the Holocaust Memorial (German: Holocaust-Mahnmal), is a memorial in Berlin for Jewish victims of the Holocaust, designed by the architect Peter Eisenman and Bold Happold engineers. It consists of an area of 19,000 square meters (4.7 acres) covered with 2,711 blocks of concrete or “stelae”, resembling a wavy field of stones. The blocks are 2,38m (7,8 ‘) long by 0,95m (3’ 1,5 “) wide and vary in height from 0.2m to 4.8m (from 8” to 15’9 “). According to Eisenman’s text, the blocks are designed to produce uneasiness, a climate of confusion, and the sculpture all helps to represent a supposedly ordered system that has lost touch with human reason. an official English tourist pamphlet of the Memorial Foundation, however, states that the project represents a radical approach to the traditional concept of a memorial, in part because Eisenman used no symbolism. der Information) holds the names of all known Jewish victims of the Holocaust, obtained through the Israeli museum Yad Vashem.
The construction of the memorial began on April 1, 2003 and was completed on December 15, 2004. It was inaugurated on May 10, 2005 and open to the public on May 12 of that year. It is located one block south of the Brandenburg Gate, near Potsdamer Platz, within a distance that can be seen from the German Federal Parliament. The construction cost was approximately € 25 million.