The Brandenburg Gate, or Brandenburg Gate (German: Brandenburger Tor), is an old city gate, rebuilt at the end of the 18th century as an arch of the neoclassical triumph, and today one of the most known landmarks of Germany.
It is located in the western part of Berlin’s city center, at the junction of Unter den Linden and Ebertstraße, immediately west of Pariser Platz. A block to the north is located the Reichstag Palace. The gate is the monumental entrance to Unter den Linden, the famous avenue of lime trees that previously led directly to the City Palace of the Prussian kings.
It was commissioned by King Frederick William II of Prussia as a signal of war and built by Carl Gotthard Langhans between 1788 and 1791. Having suffered considerable damage in World War II, the Brandenburg Gate was completely restored between 2000 and 2002 by the Stiftung Denkmalschutz Berlin (Berlin Monuments Conservation Foundation).
During Germany’s postwar partition, the Gate was isolated and inaccessible immediately adjacent to the Berlin Wall, and the area around the Gate stood out more prominently in the media coverage of the opening of the wall in 1989. Throughout its existence, the Brandenburg Gate was often a site for great historical events and is now considered a symbol of the tumultuous history of Europe and Germany but also of European unity and peace.
Built in the neoclassical style in the Carl Gotthard Langhans project, it has twelve Doric columns of Greek style. Six of them on each side. There are five central spans through which five roads pass. Over the arch is the “chariot” (statue of the Greek goddess Irene – Goddess of Peace, in a chariot drawn by four horses).