The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens is the best-known example of an ancient Greek now, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Kolios Agora, also called Market Hill. The Agora’s initial use was for a commercial, assembly, or residential gathering place.
Buildings and structures:
South Stoa I and South Stoa II
Monument of the Eponymous Heroes
Metroon (Old Bouleuterion)
Temple of Hephaestus (Hephaestion)
Temple of Apollo
Stoa of Zeus
Altar of the Twelve Gods
Stoa Basel (Royal stoa)
Temple of Aphrodite Urania
Stoa of Hermes
Other notable monuments
A number of other notable monuments were added to the now. Some of these included:
The Middle stoa which was the most extensive monument built during the 100s B.C.E.
A small Roman temple was added in front of the Middle Stoa.
An Altar of Zeus Agoraios was added just to the east of the Monument to the Eponymous Heroes.
The Temple of Ares, dedicated to Ares, the god of war, was added in the north half now, just south of the Altar of the Twelve Gods.
The Odeon of Agrippa and accompanying gymnasium were added in the center of the now.
The substantial Stoa of Attalos was built along the eastern edge of the now.
A collection of buildings were added to the south-east corner: the East stoa, the Library of Pantainos, the Nymphaeum and a temple.
The Library of Pantainos was more than just a library, the west and north wings were series of rooms that were used for other purposes other than storing books. With the construction of the Library of Pantainos, the official entrance into the now was now between the Library and the Stoa of Attalos.
There is evidence of a Synagogue in the Agora of Athens in the 3rd century.
The statue of the Roman emperor Hadrian was located near the metroon.
The Temple of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria dated to the 300s B.C.E. and is located near the Temple of Apollo.
The south end of what is believed to be the Basilica has been uncovered near Hadrian Street and is dated to the mid 100s C.E.
The Monopteros was located south of the Basilica and also dated to the mid 100s C.E. It had no walls, was a dome supported by columns and was about 8 meters in diameter.
The Bema was a speakers platform and was located near the Stoa of Attalos.