The National Archaeological Museum is a museum in Madrid, Spain. It is located on Serrano Street next to the Columbus Square, sharing its building with the National Library.

The museum was founded in 1867 by a Royal Decree of Isabella II as a depository for numismatic, archaeological, ethnographical and decorative art collections of the Spanish monarchs.

The museum was originally located in the Ambassadors district of Madrid. In 1895, it moved to a building designed specifically to house it, a neoclassical design by architect Francisco Jareño, built from 1866 to 1892. In 1968, renovation and extension works considerably increased its area. The museum closed for renovation in 2008 and reopened in April 2014. The remodelled museum concentrates on its core archaeological role, rather than decorative arts.

Its collection is based on pieces from the Iberian Peninsula, from Prehistory to Early-Modern Age. However, it also has different collections coming from outside of Spain, especially from Ancient Greece, both from the metropolitan and above all, from Magna Graecia, and, to a lesser extent, from Ancient Egypt, in addition to “a small number of pieces” from Near East.

Prehistoric and Iberian

the replica of the Altamira basement
Lady of Elche
Lady of Baza
Lady of Galera
Lady of the Cerro de los Santos
Biche of Balazote
Bull of Osuna
Mausoleum of Pozo Moro
Sphinx of Agost

Roman and Visigothic

Lex Ursonensis
Treasure of Guarrazar


Crucifix of Ferdinand and Sancha


Pyxis of Zamora
One of the Alhambra vases



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